Chocolate Can Boost Your Workout. Really.

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Adding a little dark chocolate to a training diet may effortlessly improve endurance performance, according to a new study of sports nutrition. The findings provide ammunition both for athletes looking for an edge and those hoping for an excuse to indulge.

For some time, dark chocolate has been touted as a relatively healthy treat, with studies showing that small amounts may have benefits for the heart and brain. Most of this research has focused on the role of a substance called epicatechin, a plant nutrient found in cocoa. Dark chocolate is generally rich in epicatechin, though levels vary, depending on how the sweet was produced. Levels of epicatechin tend to be much lower in milk chocolate, which contains little cocoa, and white chocolate contains little or none of the nutrient.

Epicatechin is known to prompt cells that line blood vessels to release extra nitric oxide, a substance that has multiple effects in the body. Nitric oxide slightly increases vasodilation, or a widening of the veins and arteries, improving blood flow and cardiac function. It also gooses muscle cells to take in more blood sugar, providing them with more energy, and it enhances the passage of oxygen into cells.

Because of its many physiological effects, each of which can aid physical performance, athletes long have looked for ways to increase the amount of nitric oxide in their bloodstreams. Some down supplement pills, although the benefits of nitric oxide supplements are unproven. Others swallow beetroot juice, a beverage that contains a hefty dose of nitrates, which then break down in the body into nitric oxide and other substances. There are questions, however, about the safety of nitrates and also, as anyone who has tried beetroot juice will tell you, the palatability of a beverage that tastes distinctly like liquid dirt.

Surprisingly, athletes and scientists have devoted relatively little attention to the potential of dark chocolate as a way to up natural nitric oxide and subsequent performance, perhaps in part because chocolate can cause weight gain and also seems neither medicinal nor unpleasant, two attributes often associated with ergogenic aids.

But researchers at Kingston University in England suspected that dark chocolate might be a potent performance enhancer, if the chocolate were deployed carefully.

So for the new study, which was published in December in The Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, they found eight male recreational cyclists who agreed, in the interests of science, to swallow a little dark chocolate every day.

The cyclists first, however, visited the researchers’ lab for tests of their fitness and oxygen uptake during moderate rides and all-out sprints on a stationary bicycle.

Then the scientists provided half of the cyclists with 40 grams (1.4 ounces, or about one and a half squares) per day of Dove brand dark chocolate, which has been found in past tests to contain an above-average amount of epicatechin.

The cyclists were told to replace one of their normal snacks or desserts with the chocolate, to avoid weight gain.

The other cyclists were provided with 40 grams of white chocolate, as a control.

They all ate their chocolate every day for two weeks, then returned to the lab to repeat the tests.

Then each group was provided with whichever type of chocolate, white or dark, they had not eaten before and sent off for another two weeks.

They returned and repeated the cycling and oxygen uptake tests again.

The results were beguiling. Each of the cyclists performed better in most of the physical tests after two weeks of supplementing with dark chocolate, compared to baseline results and after they had eaten white chocolate. The riders utilized less oxygen to ride at a moderate pace, a change that would generally allow them to ride longer or harder before tiring; and they covered more distance during a two-minute, all-out time trial, meaning that their anaerobic, sprinting ability had been enhanced.

The researchers did not directly measure nitric oxide in their volunteers’ blood, but believe that the chocolate ramped up production of the substance, improving oxygen delivery to riders’ cells.

Performance gains were not huge. The riders who had eaten dark chocolate covered an additional tenth of a mile during the two-minute time trial compared to when they had white chocolate. But that extra mileage occurred, the scientists point out, even though the riders otherwise followed the same dietary and training regimens during each of the two-week sessions.

The upshot of these findings would seem to be that “recreational athletes who would like to improve their performance” might consider swapping a daily cookie or soda for a square or two of dark chocolate, said Rishikesh Kankesh Patel, a graduate student at Kingston University who led the study.

But he cautioned that scientists do not yet know the ideal dosage of dark chocolate for athletes, and that more than 40 grams is unlikely to be helpful, so put away the rest of that bar. Cocoa and epicatechin levels also vary widely from bar to bar, he said, which makes precise dosing of the performance-enhancing content tricky.

Article Source: http://mobile.nytimes.com/blogs/well/2016/03/23/chocolate-really-can-boost-your-workout/?_r=0&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fm.facebook.com

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No time to get fit? Think again — just 1 minute of intense exercise produces health benefits

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Researchers at McMaster University have found that a single minute of very intense exercise produces health benefits similar to longer, traditional endurance training.

The findings put to rest the common excuse for not getting in shape: there is not enough time.

“This is a very time-efficient workout strategy,” says Martin Gibala, a professor of kinesiology at McMaster and lead author on the study. “Brief bursts of intense exercise are remarkably effective.”

Scientists set out to determine how sprint interval training (SIT) compared to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT), as recommended in public health guidelines. They examined key health indicators including cardiorespiratory fitness and insulin sensitivity, a measure of how the body regulates blood sugar.

A total of 27 sedentary men were recruited and assigned to perform three weekly sessions of either intense or moderate training for 12 weeks, or to a control group that did not exercise).

The McMaster team has previously shown that the SIT protocol, which involved three 20-second ‘all-out’ cycle sprints, was effective for boosting fitness. The workout totaled just 10 minutes, including a 2-minute warm-up and 3-minute cool down, and two minutes of easy cycling for recovery between the hard sprints.

The new study compared the SIT protocol with a group who performed 45 minutes of continuous cycling at a moderate pace, plus the same warm-up and cool down. After 12 weeks of training, the results were remarkably similar, even though the MICT protocol involved five times as much exercise and a five-fold greater time commitment.

“Most people cite ‘lack of time’ as the main reason for not being active”, according to Gibala. “Our study shows that an interval-based approach can be more efficient — you can get health and fitness benefits comparable to the traditional approach, in less time.”

Gibala, who has studied has been studying interval training for more than a decade. O, was the first researcher to show that a few minutes per week of intense exercise produced benefits similar to longer, continouous workouts. Over time, his team has experimented with different protocols in an effort to identify the most time-efficient exercise strategies.

“The basic principles apply to many forms of exercise,” he says. “Climbing a few flights of stairs on your lunch hour can provide a quick and effective workout. The health benefits are significant.”

The findings are published online in the journal PLOS ONE.

Article Source: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-04/mu-ntt042716.php

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Fitness Linked to Improved Cognitive Function

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Previous research has found that a high level of cardiorespiratory fitness in older adults is associated with better executive function of the brain. To try and understand how fitness promotes executive function, Art Kramer, Beckman Institute director and professor of psychology and neuroscience at the University of Illinois, and colleagues examined brain imaging and fitness level data from 128 adults between the ages of 59-80. Results showed that activation of two regions of the brain called the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the supplementary motor area (SMA) – important areas for higher level functions, such as conflict monitoring, multitasking, and dual-task processing – was associated with higher cardiorespiratory fitness. Executive function of the brain is known to decline with age; however the results of this study suggest that it is possible to enhance executive function by maintaining a high level of cardiorespiratory fitness. “This research adds to our growing understanding of the relationship among physical activity and cognitive and brain function – and suggests that we can improve our brain health by changing our lifestyle even as we age,” concluded Professor Kramer

Source: http://www.worldhealth.net/news/fitness-linked-improved-cognitive-function/

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Lipotropic Injections and Medical Weight loss

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Merriam-Webster Online dictionary defines the word ‘Lipotropic’ as something that promotes “the physiological utilization of fat.” In other words, lipotropic injections help your body burn fat. Lipotropics are essential for a healthy liver because they help reduce the amount of dangerous fat in that organ. Without lipotropic compounds, fat and bile could accumulate and rise to dangerous levels in your liver, putting you at risk for cirrhosis and other serious liver diseases. Scientists classify several substances as lipotropic compounds. Three lipotropic compounds in particular – Choline, Inositol and Methionine – help you lose weight.

Methionine:

This is an essential amino acid, meaning it cannot be produced by the body itself. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure an intake through nutrition and/or supplementation. Methionine has a fat-dissolving effect and reduces the depositing of fat in the liver. By helping prevent the accumulation of fat in the liver it ensures normal liver function, which is essential for the elimination of toxins from the body. Methionine also supports liver function by regulating glutathione supplies; glutathione is needed to help neutralize toxins in the liver. The body also needs plenty of Methionine to produce two other sulfur-containing amino acidsCysteine and Taurine, which help the body eliminate toxins, build strong, healthy tissues, and promote cardiovascular health.

Inositol:

Inositol benefits your body in a number of ways by transporting fat throughout your body and it also aids the neurons in your central nervous system to make sure everything is running smoothly. One major health benefit of Inositol is that when combined with Choline, they produce lecithin. Lecithin is fundamental in breaking down fats in your body and this means that it can prevent fat build ups in the cell walls of your heart, arteries and brain by breaking down the fatty deposits.  Less fat in your arteries, means lower cholesterol!

One of the most talked about Inositol benefits is how it benefits your hair. It’s a member of the B complex family which, are known to promote strong, healthier hair, and faster growth.

Choline:

Choline serves various functions in our bodies. Over the past few years, there has been a rush of research, and there are now hints that Choline may be essential not only for the brain development of fetuses and infants, but may help prevent memory loss associated with aging.

Choline has been shown to protect the liver from certain types of damage, and can help reverse damage that has already occurred. Additionally, it may help lower cholesterol and homocysteine levels associated with cardiovascular disease, and may also help protect against some types of cancers.

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Why Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) for Men should include adjunct therapies with PDE5 inhibitors – tadalafil (Cialis) and Sildenafil (Viagra).

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Boston, Massachusetts – Testosterone Replacement Therapy (TRT) for Men with adjunct therapies in PDE5 inhibitors such as tadalafil (Cialis) and Sildenafil (Viagra).  Here is another reason why many Boston Testosterone Partners patients love to include tadalafil troches into their therapy protocols.  They help men LOSE FAT.

Researchers from the University of Bonn treated mice with Viagra and made an amazing discovery: The drug converts undesirable white fat cells and could thus potentially melt the unwelcome “spare tire” around the midriff. In addition, the substance also decreases the risk of other complications caused by obesity. The results are now published in “The Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology” (FASEB).

59d74d68da5b538c1c0a2854b0cff762In addition to Testosterone Therapy, Sildenafil – better known as Viagra – is used to treat erectile dysfunction. This substance prevents degradation of cyclic guanosine mono-phosphate (cGMP), which then ensures blood supply for an erection. However, another effect of Viagra has been noticed quite some time ago – mice given sildenafil over longer periods of time were resistant to obesity when fed with high-fat diet. However, the cause for this reduced weight gain had been unclear. Researchers from the University of Bonn have been able to shed some light on this sildenafil effect. “We have been researching the effect of cGMP on fat cells for quite some time now,” reports Prof. Dr. Alexander Pfeifer, Director of the Institute for Pharmacology and Toxicology at the University of Bonn. “This is why sildenafil was a potentially interesting candidate for us.”

Viagra converts undesirable white fat cells into beige ones.  

Together with the PharmaCenter of the University of Bonn, the German Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM), and the Max Planck Institute for Heart and Lung Research, the team around Prof. Pfeifer studied the effect of sildenafil on fat cells in mice. The researchers administered the potency drug to the rodents for seven days. “The effects were quite amazing,” says Dr. Ana Kilic, one of Prof. Pfeifer’s colleagues. Sildenafil increased the conversion of white fat cells, which are found in human ‘problem areas’, into beige ones in the animals. “Beige fat cells burn the energy from ingested food and convert it to heat, says Prof. Pfeifer. Because the beige fat cells can “melt the fat” and thus fight obesity, researchers are very hopeful for their potential.

Positive effect on inflammation responses

In addition, the researchers observed something else of interest. If white fat cells are further “stuffed”/accumulating lipids, they are increasing in size and can synthesize and release hormones which in turn cause inflammation thus increasing the persons risk for chronic diseases. Such inflammatory responses may then lead to, e.g., cardio-vascular diseases resulting in heart attacks and strokes, as well as cancer and diabetes. “It seems that sildenafil prevented the fat cells in these mice from getting onto that slippery slope,” reports Prof. Pfeifer. Overall, the development of white cells seems to be healthier.

More than half a billion overweight people worldwide

Globally, over half a billion people are overweight. Present study has resulted in interesting starting points for further research on this mechanism. “Sildenafil is not only able to minimize erectile problems, but it can also reduce the risks of gaining excessive weight,” says Prof. Pfeifer. The researchers may have found a mechanism that allows converting the undesirable white fat cells into the “good” beige (brown-like) fat cells that “melt” away excess pounds. In addition, it might be possible to decrease complications related with obesity. “But this will need to be proven in additional studies,” adds Dr. Kilic.

Testosterone Replacement Therapy with Boston Testosterone Partners, now available nationwide. We are New England’s leading choice for Male Wellness and Hormone Restoration for the treatment Low T, hypogonadism, Andropause and ED. Our medical director is a 25 year MD who has, for over ten years, been balancing both male and female hormones. He has been trained as a Hormone Specialist and has balanced well over a thousand male and female patients across the nation. Our patients have constant doctor interaction, he is always available daily to answer questions for our patients.

Our protocols include Sermorelin-GHRP2 Therapy, Glutathione Therapy, numerous Amino Acid Injectable combinations, personally tailored Weight Loss injectables, Cialis or Viagra sublinguals, Oxytocin sprays, and more..

Our services also include proven medical weight loss systems for BOTH men and women utilizing a proprietary combination of B12, B3, MIC, Amino Acids and L-Carnitine specially compounded for our patients. We offer uniquely compounded SuperB and LipoC injectables and capsules, available only from our compounding pharmacy.

And, we offer TESTOSTERONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY FOR MEN with the THE LOWEST PRICES in the nation!

 

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The Best Multivitamin Money Can Buy…

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Boston Testosterone Partners

Boston, Massachusetts – Often we get asked by our patients for a good multivitamin recommendation

Here’s the answer:  Life Extension Mix Powder – http://www.lef.org/Vitamins-Supplements/Item01756/Life-Extension-Mix-Powder.html

For men on the go, who otherwise don’t have the time to buy different supplements, the LE Mix Powder contains a great mix of popular vitamins and nutrients.  Coupled with balanced hormones, a good clean diet and regular exercise, LE’s Mix Powder provides a great compliment to a healthy, on-the-go lifestyle.

For more information on our unique Men’s Wellness therapies visit us at http://www.BostonTestosterone.com or http://www.Facebook.com/BostonTestosterone

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Boston Testosterone Partners
National Testosterone Restoration for Men
Wellness & Preventative Medicine
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855-617-MEDS (6337)

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